Iraq falls under one of the much known countries in the Middle East. It has always been in controversies because of the unhealthy activities happening in and out of its fringe.
But this country has strived for freedom and has achieved it on a high note. Following are some renowned faces who have been known to contribute to their country:
Taha Yasin Ramadan:
Taha Yasin Ramadan, Saddam’s man for tasks. He enrolled in the army in 1956 and there he met Saddam Hussein. In Saddam’s time, he held important positions before reaching the vice presidency. When Saddam fell, Taha Yasin Ramadan managed to escape for four months.
Taha Yasin Ramadan al Jizrawi, executed in the early hours in Baghdad, was one of the toughest of Saddam Hussein’s regime, which preceded him by hanging almost three months ago. Born in 1938 in the northern city of Mosul, and Kurdish ethnicity, Taha Yasin Ramadan devoted his life to Saddam Hussein and his Baazist regime of secular Arabism.
A simple bank employee in his teenage years, he enrolled in the Army in 1956, and there he met Saddam Hussein, already a member of the underground Baaz Party, who later ruled in Iraq for almost four decades. Ramadan participated in the 1968 coup that brought Baaz to power.
From that date, he climbed the steps of the pan-Arab secular party without rest, until he reached the Council of Revolutionary Command, the highest body in the country chaired by Saddam himself.
He was born on April 28, 1937, in Tikrit in a peasant family part of the Tikriti clan of Sunnies Muslims. With the absence of a father from nine months of age, he died according to official biographers or, according to his detractors, to which he left his home.
He grew up in the house of his uncle Jairalah Tulfah, an Army officer who had been expelled from the Armed Forces for participating in a pro-Nazi conspiracy in 1941. He grew up in an environment dominated by a deeply anti-colonial Arab nationalism.
He tried to enter the military academy but was rejected. In 1963 he married his cousin, and in (1988-1989). He joined the Baaz Arab socialist party in 1957.
When he returned to the country in 1963, his influence within the party did not stop growing from the head of the security services to occupy one of the attached secretariats.
He was a deep admirer of Stalin, using a tight grip on secret services, as well as a purge within Baaz himself. The Hussein leader was a ruthless dictator with his enemies throughout his rule. This eliminated all opposition using methods such as the use of toxic gas against civilian populations. Saddam Hussein managed to be one of the most powerful men in the Arab world.
Abd al-Karim Qasim:
In the period from 1980 to 1988, a war against Iran began, because they did not grant him an exit to the sea in Shat al Aral. In this war, he receives strategic military intelligence assistance from the United States, in addition to economic support from Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, due to fear that Iran would dominate the region through military and religious influence, which were finally after a military stalemate.
He was part of the Iraqi general staff in 1939. following the coup d’état of July 14, 1958, which brought down the Hashemite monarchy in Iraq, he became Prime Minister and Commander-in-Chief of the army.
He practices a neutralist foreign policy. Inside, he proclaimed land reform and fought against both the communists and the pronasserians.
The failure of his claims on Kuwait in 1961, the failure of his government to reduce the Kurdish insurgency, the worsening of repression sparked a new coup d’état fomented by Marshal Abdul Salam Aref and “free officers”, Who overthrow General Kassem on February 8, 1963, and execute him on February 9.