Italy is widely known to be a peaceful country which also allows many cultures to inhibit and reside without any hustle. Behind this peaceful experience, there was a big role played by the Italian freedom fighters who dreamed only about the freedom of their country.
Great freedom fighters are:
1. Luigi Cadorna
Luigi Cadorna (Turin 1850 – Bordighera 1928) was a general of the Italian army and Head of the Supreme Command from 1914 to November 1917.
Son of a general of the Piedmontese army (the Kingdom of Italy was not yet born), to the age of 10 began his brilliant military career described by seriousness, inflexibility and strict observation of the rules.
At the beginning of the 20th century, he became one of the most important military figures of the Kingdom of Italy and in the summer of 1914, it replaced its “historic antagonist”, General Alberto Pollio, at the head of the Supreme Command.
2. Giovanni Messe
Giovanni Messe, a great figure of an Italian general, who went through a good part of the 900’s little known, however, by Italian historiography.
He reached the top of the rank as an officer of the Royal Army and was, one of my opinions, among the most authoritative, if not almost legendary generals in our country, who led a career as a true leader.
He was a great authority of command, but above all, a capacity to control his intelligence, to simply safeguard human lives, tired and scattered, as collected by a solitary retreat, since the Germanic ally, in the meantime had left the whole sector of its competence.
3. Pietro Badoglio
He made a military career in the Great War, although he commanded the 27th army corps during the defeat of Caporetto; in 1936 he had command of the expeditionary corps in Ethiopia and conquered that country by using asphyxiating gases.
During World War II his star declined because he disagreed with Mussolini on the strategies to follow. With the arrest of the Duce in 1943, he was appointed by the head of government (until 1944) and signed the armistice of 8 September with the Allies.
The last miniature shows the plaque, also in the courtyard, which reproduces a letter from Badoglio, an expression of his attachment to his native town.
4. Ugo Cavallero
A career soldier, he fought in the Italo-Turkish War, then in World Cup, preparing the plan for the battle of Vittorio Veneto, which led to victory.
Elected as a deputy in 1924, appointed as a senator in 1926, he returned to private life and was appointed president of Ansaldo.
He was recalled to the army during the Ethiopian War and World War II, promoted to commander of the Army Corps in Albania and Marshal of Italy in 1942.
After 8th September 1943, he was contacted by the Germans with the proposal to lead the Italian troops who wanted to remain their allies; he refused and a few days after he was being found dead with a gunshot to the temple: it was not clarified whether he had killed himself or murders him.