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Home / Travel & Tourism / The Major Attractions of Himachal Pradesh

The Major Attractions of Himachal Pradesh

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Feel the Mesmerized Beauty of the Place and Know It in a Much Better Way

If you are fond travelling then you should visit the paradise located in India, popularly known as Himachal Pradesh. Also Each and every couple wants to have some romantic time with each other and in this regard, Himachal Pradesh is not less than a paradise for honeymoon couples. As we all are known with the fact that Himachal Pradesh is located in the lap of Himalaya and is completely surrounded by beautiful valleys which add immense beauty to it. You can enjoy the feel of blowing wind which will delete all your sorrows and pains from the usual routine. If you are really willing to have a good time with your partner to add some beautiful stories in your love life the visit the place for sure.

Himachal Pradesh is a blessed place on earth which gives an immense pleasure to the tourists who came to visit Himachal with their dear ones. Weather of the whole state is almost cool throughout the season and in winter you can get a chance to see snowfall which is a well known fact of Himachal Pradesh.

Shimla

Shimla

Shimla which is known as the Queen of Hills is the capital of the Himachal Pradesh. The state is located at 30o 2240North to 33o 1240North and its longitudinal reach is 75o 45’55” to 79o 04‘ 20″ East. The overall area of Himachal Pradesh is 55673 sq km and 12 districts are formed in Himachal Pradesh.

The inclination of the state is from west to east and south to north. Himachal Pradesh is surrounded by mountains and most of the region is hilly. The height of the state from sea level ranges from 450m to 6500m.

Pin Parvati Pass

Pin Parvati Pass

This pass is located in the area if Kullu-Spiti of Himachal Pradesh and the pass is surrounded by landforms. Pin Parvati pass is located at a height of 5320 KM.

Rohtang Pass

Rohtang Pass

Rohtang Pass is located at an altitude of 3978m which is one of the major attractions of Himachal Pradesh for tourists. To avoid the problem of snow fall the way of Rohtang pass opens from June to September. This path connects the valley of Kullu & Spiti.

Rupin Pass

Rupin Pass

Rupin Pass is located at a height of 4650m from sea level. This is created at river Rupin and an inhabitant location of Dhauladhar.

Other Valleys of Himachal Pradesh

Baspa Valley

Baspa Valley

Baspa Valley is a famous valley which has been given its name on the river of Baspa. This is a tributary to Satluj River and is located in Kinnaur. Also known as Sangla valley for one famous town that is Sangla, Sangla is located at verge of Baspa.

Har ki Doon Valley

Har ki Doon Valley

This valley is surrounded by mountain, forests and peaks, situated at a height of 3556m from the sea level. Har Ki Doon valley is located in the western ranges of Garhwal Himalayas. This valley is also known for cradle shape and its hanging view.

Chamba or Ravi Valley

Chamba or Ravi Valley

The valley is 56 Km from Dalhousie and situated at a height of 996m from sea level, Chamba valley is located on the bank of south of Ravi river and hence called as Ravi Valley. This valley is defined as valley of Honey and Milk and people living here are known as Chambial which was founded in AD 920 by Raja Sahil Verma. He has given this name on the name of his daughter Champavati. Some famous monuments are located like Lakshmi Marayan, Rajeshwari Temple, Champavati Temple, Bhiru Singh museum and Chamera Lake.

Kullu Valley

Kullu Valley

Kullu valley connects the Lahaul and Spiti valley. Kullu valley is also known as Dev Bhoomi or valleys of Gods. The very famous Beas river pass through this valley and it is the largest valley of Kullu Himachal Pradesh.

Climatic Zone

Himachal Pradesh is divided into 6 zones of climates

Sub-Humid Sub-Tropical Zone

  • Annual precipitation of this zone is 1000m
  • The areas of the Una Sirmour and Indora gets covered in this zone
  • Average temperature is 240

Humid Sub-Tropical Zone

  • Annual precipitation of this zone is 1180mm to 1900 mm
  • Major areas of Mandi, District of Bilaspur and Hamirpur gets covered in this zone
  • Average temperature is 20-240

WET Temperature Zone

  • Annual precipitation of this zone is 2500mm to 3900mm
  • The areas of the Palampur, Joginder-nagar, Dharamshala and Mandi gets covered in this zone
  • Average temperature is 15-190 C

Humid Temperature Zone

  • Annual precipitation of this zone is 1000mm to 2500mm
  • The areas of the Mandi, Solan, Chamba Kangra, Sirmour, Kullu and Shimla gets covered in this zone
  • Average temperature is 130 C to 180 C

Sub Humid Temperature Alpine Highlands

  • Annual precipitation of this zone is 600m
  • The areas of the Lahaul Spiti, Pangi and Kinnaur gets covered in this zone
  • Average temperature is 180 C

Frigid Aridic Zone

  • Annual precipitation of this zone is 250m
  • The areas of the Lahaul Spiti distrcts, Parts of Chamba and Kinnaur gets covered in this zone
  • Average temperature is 130

Himachal Pradesh is blessed with well known Rivers, lets have some chit chat about it as well:

Indus River

The Indus River starts from Plateau of Tibetan and touches Laddakh. It also enters in the region of Kashmir and meets Gurtang at a height of 4200 mm from sea level. In Himachal Pradesh the basin of Indus valley starts from Nagaparbal in the verge of North western part of the country to the western slope of Shimla ridge. This river covers Jammu & Kashmir and lots of areas of Himachal Pradesh. The northern tract of the river’s basin included Laddakh, Lahaul Spiti and Pooh in Kinnaur.

Soan River

Soan River joins the boundaries of Himachal & Punjab and it started from southern slope of Shivalik range. The slope of the river is not very canonical it gets changed from time to time. Soan river also called as Solosinghi range which covers the east of the Beas gap to southern periphery of the Kangra mountains.

Beas River

This river rises from Beas Kund which is very close to Rohtang pass in Pri Pranjal. The beautiful city Manali is located at the bank of Beas River and from there the river reaches to Kullu after crossing forests. At last by crossing hills at Hari ka Pattan in Firozpur the river meets Sutlej. Firozpur is one the famous district of Punjab.

Beas River is connected by Binwa, Neuqal, Bangangam Gaj, Dehr and Chakki from North and Kunah, Maseh, Khairan and Man from South. The major tributaries are the Parbati, the Spin and Malana Nala in East and Salong, the Manalsu, the sujoin, the phojal and Sarvati streams in the west in Kangra.

Awa River

Awa River flows in the valley of Kangra which originates from Dhauladhar. The direction of flow is South Western and here one can see the salvation of ice fall and rain in the river and at last it joins Beas River.

Banner River

Banner River originates as a small fed channel on the southern edge of Dhauladhar and cover Palampur. This river is also called as Banner Khad which flows in the direction of south west and generally covers central region of Kangra.

Banganga River

This river originates from southern slope of Dhauladhar and joins Bear River in Kangra. Throughout the river you will be able to see fertile sediments.

Suketi River

Suketi River originates from southern end of Dhauladhar and joins Beas River at Kangra. At upper regions this river joins lots of small channels and huge terraces were formed by Suketi River.

Tirthan River

Tirthan River originates from the very famous Himalayan range of south-east of Kullu. By flowing through South West, Ultimately, it meets in Beas at the region Larji. Before arrival at Beas it cuts across the Dhauladhar range.

Chenab

The Vedic and Sanskrit name of Chenab river is Aksini and Chandrabhaga respectively. To form the river Chenab two streams who are known as Chandra and Bhaga meet at Tandi at an elevation of 2286m which led the formation of Chenab. Both the streams arise from opposite directions of Baralacha-La at an elevation of 4891m whereas Chandra rises from South-East direction and Bhaga rises from North-West direction. While flowing, it crosses Pangi valley of Chamba district near Bhujind and follows till district of Sansari Nala before entering Pndar valley of Kashmir.

The range of the river is about 122km which flows through area of Lahaul Spiti and Chamba. If we talk for total length then its nearby 1200 KM with catchment area of 61000 sq km and its major part that is approximately 7500 sq m lies in Himachal Pradesh. The Chenab River’s formation has taken place due to great Himalayan and Pir Pranjal range. Also, Chenab is the largest river of Himachal Pradesh.

Bhaga River

Bhaga River flows in the direction of South wester and it originated from Lhaul valley. Before meeting Chandra stream at Tandi, lots of Snowfed River joins it.

Chandra

The important human settlement along the Chandra River is koskar. The river get originated from the snow of Himalayan range in the district of Lahaul Spiti of Himachal Pradesh. From here it flows in the direction of South East. The complete area is having too cold and suffers due to unavailability of rain due to shadow of Pir Pranjal range towards south.

Giri

One of the main tributaries for Chenab is Giri River which drains a South-Eastern part of Himachal Pradesh. The river rises from Kupak Peak and very much popularize in Jubbal and Rohru hills. It flows in Shimla hills and coming down it follows south-Eastern direction. Due to its flow Sirmour gets divided into equal parts and called as Cis-Giri and Trans-Giri. Below Mokkampur it joins Yauma upstream at Ponta Sahib. Also Giri river is joined by River Ashni in Chail at Sadhupul and other river Jalal which gets originated from Dharti range also join it in Dadahu from right side. The Gir River also helps in power generation at Girnagar because its water gets channelized through a tunnel. Lastly Bata river is led by Gir.

Tons River

Tons river rises from two feeder streams in which first one is the Supin River whose origin is northern part of Tons catchment near Himachal Pradesh & Uttar Pradesh another Rupin river which originates from a famous glacier of Har-ki-Dun valley. They are at North-Eastern part of Tons catchment. After merging if these two streams a downstream channel Naitwar is known Tons River

Bata River

This river flows in the region of Nahan of Himachal Pradesh with the name of Jalmusa-Ka-Kala. Gets originated from the boulders of the city Nahan, This river get fed by raining water and also goes under the process of recyclation. At upper levels, the river flows at the level. Some other small tributaries which joins Bata River like Khara-ka-khala and Kanser Khala. The direction of Khara-ka-khala is southern side of Nahan ridge while Kanser khala starts from southern slope of Nahan.

Beautiful Glaciers

Bara Shigri

Bara Shigri

The largest glacier Bara Shigri dammed the Chenab River in 1936 due to which formation of Chandertal has taken place which is a large lake. Later it got broken and led to devastation down the valley. Bara Shigri is the largest glacier which is 25KM long and 3 KM wide. It is located at the valley of Chandra in Laddakh. This glacier covered at moraine surface and ice almost makes it invisible.

During geological survey of India, H walker and EH Pascoe has surveyed the glacier in 1906 which is major attractions because of deposits of antimony found there. The flowing direction of the glacier is northwards and meets Chenab River. The southern course is deflected westwards which is very close to Spiti Border.

As per the recent studies the altitude of Bar Shigri is between 3950 mm i.e. 12960 ft abd 4750 mm i.e. 14990 ft and length is 11km. Chotta Shigri is another glacier is located near the Bara Shigri.

Bhadal Glacier

Bhadal Glacier

This glacier is located in the area if Bara Bang of Kangra Himachal Pradesh. It is situated at south western slopes of the range of Pir Pranjal range. Bhadal River gets fed by the glacier and the river originated from the snowing range of area located in between Pir Pranjal and Dhauladhar. The river makes U shaped towering peaks, waterfalls, valleys, moraines, and cirgues. River is one of the main tributaries and sometimes the sizes of glacier get increased to heavy snowfall.

Bhaga Glacier

Bhaga Glacier

Bhaga Glacier is situated at the Himalayan valley range. This also forms U shaped towering peaks, waterfalls, valleys, moraines, and cirgues.River Bhaga gets fed by Bhaga Glacier. This Glacier is 25 KM long and surrounded by snow from all the sides. Some other glaciers in its neighborhood are known Lady of Keylong, Mukkila, Milang and Gangstand.

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